Hong Kong, Singapore and Bangkok have emerged as the top three cities with the most overworked populations in the world, Kisi’s Global Work-Life Balance Index 2021 has shown.
According to the data, published on 27 May 2021, ‘overworked populations’ referred to full-time employees who work more than 48 hours in each working week, over the International Labour Organisation’s recommendation of 40-hour workweeks.
Among the overworked cities – other Asian cities in the top 10 included Seoul in fifth spot, and Kuala Lumpur in eighth spot.
Overall, the top 10 most overworked cities identified in the research were:
- Hong Kong (29.9%)
- Singapore (25.1%)
- Bangkok, Thailand (20.2%)
- Buenos Aires, Argentina (19.9%)
- Seoul, South Korea (19.5%)
- Tokyo, Japan (18.3%)
- Houston, Texas, US (16.6%)
- Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (16%)
- Calgary, Alberta, Canada (15.5%)
- London, United Kingdom (15.4%)
The top 10 cities with the best work-life balance score were listed as:
- Helsinki, Finland (score: 100)
- Oslo, Norway (98.6)
- Zurich, Switzerland (91.5)
- Stockholm, Sweden (91.4)
- Copenhagen, Denmark (90.4)
- Ottawa, Canada (89.1)
- Munich, Germany (89.1)
- Vancouver, Canada (87.8)
- Amsterdam, Netherlands (87.6)
- Sydney, Australia (86.8)
Singapore ranked #18 with a score of 83.8, while Hong Kong ranked #45 (score: 62); Bangkok, Thailand ranked #49 (score: 51.3) and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia ranked #50 with a score of 50.
On a whole, the Global Work-Life Balance Index took into consideration four key pillars, each with its own factors:
- Work Intensity
- Society and Institutions
- City Livability
The cities involved were ranked based on their overall scores out of 100, with 100 being the highest possible score, and 50 being the lowest.